Linux is often regarded as a great operating system, specially in the server arena. When it comes to home use, though, there are still several weak spots, hardware management and support being one of the most important. In fact, I have raised this as a concern when I have addressed Linux weaknesses in the past. Today, though, I want to write about the bright side of Linux hardware management and support.
IS THERE A BRIGHT SIDE?
Contrary to what many believe, Linux hardware support is superb, which is not the same as saying it supports every single hardware part or device under the sun. This is a key concept that has been misinterpreted (and misused at times).
The great thing about Linux hardware support is that once drivers are natively supported by the kernel, that's when we can actually experiment what truly "plug and play" is all about. Let me share some examples.
TRUST WIRELESS MOUSE
A couple days ago I bought a Trust wireless mouse in an attempt to reduce the massive amount of cables I carry in my bag. I picked it up, opened up the box and there it was, the usual CD with drivers for Windows7, Vista and XP.
Me, I just connected the batteries, turned the mouse on and started clicking away. I tested it under PCLinuxOS 2010, Linux Mint 9 and Ubuntu 9.10, all with the same perfect result.
HP LASERJET 2600N
This nice laser printer is Linux friendly. Simply connecting it to any of the USB ports in a few of my laptops (once again Linux Mint 9, PCLinuxOS 2010 and Ubuntu 9.10) got the installation going, which completed in just a few seconds. In all three cases I was asked if I wanted to download the HP proprietary drivers that would provide some enhanced controls over certain specific functionality. Cool beans.
LOGITECH C250 WEBCAM
Same story this time, opened the box, plugged the webcam in and... Voila! No CD installation, no downloads, no boring-resource-eating proprietary software from Logitech or whoever, just my webcam working straight away.
PERIPHERALS NO MORE
Alright, yes, as you can see, there is a large array of peripherals that will work superbly out of the box on your Linux machine, these are just a few examples. How about the hardware that's inside your computer, though? That's usually a bit difficult to tell, specially if your computer is tailor made and not a popular model from a well-known brand.
I have used many different HP Models along the years, including:
HP Elitebook 6930p (Notebook)
HP Compaq 6910p (Notebook)
HP 2710p (Tablet)
HP 2730p (Tablet)
HP 2740p (Tablet, fully supported now on Ubuntu 10.10)
HP Compaq NX7400 (Notebook)
HP Compaq DC7800 (Minitower)
I mostly use HP hardware, but rest assured that many other major brands will work just as good.
I have used all the models listed above with an array of Linux distros, always getting extremely good results from the get go. In fact, other than very minor problems, I have never experienced a truly serious hardware support problem in Linux.
HOW DOES IT COMPARE?
If you come from a Windows background, you know that almost every manufacturer out there will release products along with drivers for the Microsoft OS. That kind of support is what is missing in Linux. Having said so, like I said before, installing devices in Windows can be a pain. You are usually forced to either install the manufacturer software with the included CD or download that same software from the web, which usually takes time and may end up installing loads of stuff you hardly want. I personally will take the Linux approach any day of the week.
Windows hardware support in general has been somewhat limited historically. A simple test is truly clarifying: Try to reinstall Windows on an OEM machine with a standard Windows CD, not the one that was provided by the manufacturer. You'll see that most devices are very limited in functionality, while others simply do not work... even if the machine was designed for the Microsoft OS! Windows 7 has certainly improved in this area, drastically reducing the amount of devices that actually require an installation, but it suffers from backwards compatibility issues.
How about Mac OS? Well, as often happens with Apple products, everything goes well as long as you do as Mr. Jobs tells you to. In that regard, Apple engineers know exactly which hardware a certain version of Mac OS will run under, which allows them to optimize the software. Having said so, if you ever feel too happy and need something truly depressive, try installing Mac OS on any PC.
Jokes aside, taking everything into account, Linux does very well in terms of hardware support. It only takes a bit experience and research to stick to natively supported hardware, and under those circumstances, Linux is tough to beat.
THE MORAL OF THE STORY
While I understand that in practical terms Linux hardware support may feel like a huge fiasco to some, it really isn't. In fact, it does very well. Having said so, It does not support everything, so if you are expecting a smooth installation on every single PC combination you try, think again.
With Google on your side, it only takes a couple minutes to find out if a specific device works under Linux. Be sure to research a bit before you go out and buy and you'll be happy as a clam.
NOTE: Along the lines of this article, I found a useful GUIDE that provides good advice on how to buy a new laptop that is fully ready for Linux. This guide is very thorough, you may not need to research with that level of detail, but it sure will prove useful in case you are thinking of buying a new laptop.